Sunday, July 17, 2011

VOCABULARY ON SPECIFIC SCENARIOS IN WRITING

 Salam to all my beloved students, here are several phrases and words related to scenarios and/or expressions.This interesting list helps you in attracting the audience in your writing. Good Luck. Please transform the passive vocabulary to active vocabulary ; use them!! **I HAVE PLENTY OF THEM,IT'S JUST THE TIME CONSTRAINT**

EXPRESSING SHOCK, SADNESS

1. She felt her world going to pieces.
2. The bad news of her father's death in accident choked her.
3. They were consumed by bitterness and anguish at the lost of their only son.
4. On hearing the news, he sank into the couch.
5. He went the weak at the knees on hearing the news.
6. They stood motionless as they were still in a state of shock before the aliens.
7. The pain in my heart was excruciating
8. Shock struck me like a thunderbolt
9. Tears welled in my eyes once again, as the radio blasted "Yesterday Once More' song.
10. My heart felt like it was caving in because my sorrow was too much to bear.
11. She had been very stoic throughout her three-year illness.

TEARS AND SADNESS
1. He cried his heart out
2. Her eyes billowed with tears, streaming slowly down her cheeks.
3. Tears started to roll down uncontrollably as I felt a great sense of loss.
4. My tears soaked the comforting pillow which I clutched for long.
5. Mixed with spots of sweat, a little droplets of clear crystal of liquid kept dripping down my cheeks.
6. I murmured softly to my kid's ears as tears welled up in my eyes.
7.She started shaking, while something running her cheeks, marking a clear trajectory of torrential tears.
8. The tears were leaving glistening trails mapping to the full extent of his sadness.

Sunday, July 10, 2011

WRITING TECHNIQUES FOR PMR AND SPM!!

  • TEACHER NEEDS TO BE CLEAR IN THE FOCUSED SKILLS 
  • Students need to be PERSONALLY INVOLVED 
  • PARTICIPATE IN TAILORED EXERCISES 
  • REFINE, EXPAND WRITING SKILLS 
  • CHOOSE RELATED TOPIC ONLY 
  • CLEAR END SPECIFIC GOAL:
    well-written introduction and conclusion, 3 paragraph of informal letter etc 
  • GENERAL LONG ESSAY- require ss to work in groups
______________________________________________________________________
1. Topic should be focused
2. No extranuous or loosely related information to the essay 
3. Less or no grammarical error, errorless structured sentences
4. Smooth transition with good organisational pattern e.g.
   A good organised essay should have intro, middle, conclusion with transition markers
5. Supporting ideas with details : giving example.
  Mention(M), Elaborate(E), Example(E)
6. Vivid language, mature word choices
7. Has convention of Standard English(puntuation,spelling, comma )
8. Variation in sentence structures .
   e.g. : Gerund etc.

Monday, February 21, 2011

HOW TO BRAINSTORM IDEAS FOR ESSAY

There are three methods to brainstorm ideas: 
>>Create a List
>>Draw a Mind Map
>>Ask and Answer Wh-questions


Create a List
This method is simple and effective. All you need to do is to create a list of words and phrases related to the essay topic chosen.

Essay Topic: The Advantages and Disadvantages of the Internet
Email is cheaper
Pornographic
Explicit content
Skype – free online call
Internet messenger like ICQ, MSN messenger, Yahoo Messenger
Virus
Hacker
Internet Hacking
Online Banking
Blog
... (The list goes on and on until you really run out of ideas)

Draw a Mind Map
You can choose from a variety of mind maps to draw. Then, you should write the points on the mind map. Do not waste your time drawing a complex mind map.

Using mind map, all your points are grouped together neatly for easy reference. Mind map is highly recommended for reflective essays and factual essays.
Ask and Answer Wh-questions
Ask yourself as much as possible Wh-questions related to the essay topic chosen. This writing method is suitable for descriptive essays, narrative essays and reports.


Sunday, October 17, 2010

ADD SPICES TO YOUR ESSAY BY PUTTING IN SOME IDIOMS:

ADD SPICES TO YOUR ESSAY BY PUTTING IN SOME IDIOMS:

IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS:
1. To face the music (To take the punishment or scolding)
2. To live from hand to mouth (To live in hardship)
3. To sit on the fence (To take no sides in a debate or a quarrel)
4. To be in the same boat (To be in the same circumstances)
5. In hot water (In trouble)
6. Have green fingers (Good at gardening)
7. Burn the midnight oil (Study until late at night)
8. Once in a blue moon (Seldom)
9. At the eleventh hour (At the last minute)
10. Bear in mind (Remember)

DRILL 1: By using all of the 10 list of idioms above, try to come out with a short paragraph of a story. Be as creative as possible.

       Zayyid and Ziyyad were twin brothers. They came from poor family. Since their father had passed away, so they had to live with their step father. Their step father
had odd jobs and all of them lived from hand to mouth for a livelihood. Zayidi was their best friend and also was in same the boat. For Zaidi, since his father worked as a lorry driver, he saw his father once in a  blue moon only. Therefore, he joined both twins to search job for their petty cash during evening time. Zaiyidi, Zayyid and Ziyyad had geen fingers, hence, all of them spent their spare time after school doing some part time of gardening around the nearby mansion area.. However, his step mother was a fierce lady, if he was late to return home, he must be in a hot water. All of them were aware that  knowledge was important, so they sometimes had to burn the midnight oil due to studying at the eleventh hour. They always bear in  mind, that every difficulty would be an ease.

DRILL 2: Repeat the same for another 10 idioms, etc. until you get familiarize yourself with the idioms.
IMPLEMENTATION: Right away , use of not more than 4 idioms and not more than 4 phrasal verbs in your single essay.

Thank you!!
Regards,
Feel free to enquire me: isadora4004@gmail.com

PHRASAL VERBS AND IDIOMATIC EXPRESSION 1

Tips


a)  Read the situation given in a conversation or dialogue.
b)  Read the entire dialogue. Note the tone of the dialogue.
c)  Read the underlined phrases.
d)  Guess smartly the meaning from the context.
e)  Choose the most suitable answer from the options given.
Read the whole dialogue again. Check whether your substitutions make sense in the dialogue


1. To face the music (To take the punishment or scolding)
2. To live from hand to mouth (To live in hardship)
3. To sit on the fence (To take no sides in a debate or a quarrel)
4. To be in the same boat (To be in the same circumstances)
5. In hot water (In trouble)
6. Have green fingers (Good at gardening)
7. Burn the midnight oil (Study until late at night)
8. Once in a blue moon (Seldom)
9. At the eleventh hour (At the last minute)
10. Bear in mind (Remember)
11. Turn over a new leaf (Stop all bad habits)
12. To make a day of it (To spend the whole day)
13. Raining cats and dogs (Raining heavily)
14. Keep an eye (look after)
15. To make a clean breast (To admit)
16. Getting on my nerves (Making me annoyed/irritated)
17. Out of the blue (Unexpectedly)
18. Not my cup of tea (Not to my liking)
19. Eye catching (Attractive)
20. Around the corner (Coming soon)
21. By hook or by crook (By all means)
22. To keep one’s fingers crossed ( To hope for the best)
23. Keep your word (Keep your promise)
24. Where there’s a will, there’s a way (When you are determined, you will succeed)
25. Lend a hand (Help)
26. I am all ears ( I am listening)
27. A close shave ( A narrow escape)
28. Flying colours (Good grades)
29. To believe your ears (To believe what you hear)
30. Not kidding (Not joking)
31. Blow one’s trumpet (To Boast)
32. Down to earth (Humble/Honest)
33. Red handed (In the act)
34. In a twinkling of an eye (Very quickly)
35. Under the weather (Slightly ill)
36. Took to heart (Be upset by)
37. Bad blood (Feeling of strong dislike)

PHRASAL VERBS EXERCISE A

  1. practice makes perfect ( You have to practise a lot, well practice makes perfect!)
    1. they will be perfect without practising
    2. they have to practise very hard to win

  1. trounce them this time ( Our team need to trounce them this time,don’t give them a chance)
A. hit them this time       B. beat them this time

  1. work as a team ( Don’t worry, as long as we work as a team, we’re fine)
A. they should play individually     B. the players need to cooperate to win

  1. back by popular demand ( This type of shirt is back by popular demand.I’m thrilled.)
A. many people wanted the sale to be on   B.  popular people wanted the sale

  1. rock bottom price ( All the items are going at rock bottom prices)
A.   the prices are under budget    B. very low prices

  1. shop till I drop ( I’m so excited, I am going to shop till I drop)
A.  buy a lot of things   B. buy only the cheap items

  1. have a speedy recovery ( We hope that you’ll have a speedy recover on the ills.)
A.  get well soon     B.  recover slowly

  1. for the new term ( I’m feeling better and hope to be back for the new term)
       A.  a new year      B. a new semester

  1. really work at it ( I know I have to really work at it when I come back to school.)
 A.   work very hard    B. hardly do any work

  1. bright and beezy ( You’re looking bright and breezy. Are you happy?)
A.  cheerful    B.  moody

  1. over the moon  ( I am over the moon, because I did well in my PMR exam.)
   A.  very high   B. very happy

  1. paid off  ( You hard work has paid off then, thank God.)
 A. paid for you    B. disappointed you

  1. taking in  ( I feel good taking in the fresh air)
A.  breathing    B.   getting

  1. get back  ( They are supposed to get back to me tomorrow as to their progress)
A.  come       B. inform

  1. hand in  ( We have to hand in the project by the end of the month)
 A.  distribute     B. pass up

  1. just round the corner ( The examination is just round the corner, we have to study)
A. very soon   B. at the corner

  1. at the eleventh hour ( Don’t do your revision at the eleventh hour.)
    1. at eleven o’clock B. at midnight  C. at the last minute  D. at regular intervals

18 . pass with flying colours.
      ( We will pass with flying colours if we study hard and smart.)
   A.  fly with colours  B. receive good medals   C. get excellent results

  1. for ages
( Nice meeting you here. It’s been ages since we last met)

    1. short term  B.  a long time

   19 .  over the moon
         (You must have been over the moon once you get 10As, I tell you)
       A. very elated    B. very anxious     C. very annoyed

  1. came up
(My little brother came up with the idea of having a barbeque last night)
A.  suggested    B. happened

  1. made for each other.
  ( The bride and groom look beautiful because they are made for each other)
  A. steady pair    B. ideal pair

  1. set off
 ( We set off early in the morning after having a  picnic at P.D.)
A.  arrived    B. left

23    dead beat
(  We were dead beat after the exhausted journey and slept soundly under the night sky near our tents.)
A. extremely flat /tired   B.  over slumbered

  1. run down
(Madinah, why do you look so run down?)
A.  angry   B.  satisfied

  1. called off
      (Well, the trip to Pulau Langkawi is called off at the last minute and it took me three hours to pack all my belongings)
A. cancelled     B. postphoned

26.. put them away
( That’s too bad. I guess you have to put them away in the closet)
A. assemble them   B. keep them

  1. came across (As I was at the post office,  I came across an identity card near the stamp counter)
A.   saw      B. picked    C.   bought

  1. hand over
( Did you hand over the identity card to the postmaster?)
A.  give    B. send    C. sell

  1. in full cry ( Yes, the team has started practice in full cry before the final match.)

A.  in full time   B. in eager pursuit

  1. easy meat ( Winning the finals will be easy meat to our seasoned players since they had enough practice)

A.  easy to defeat    B. easy to be defeated    C. easy catch.


author: isadora



Tuesday, September 28, 2010

BASIC TIPS FOR GRAMMAR PMR UPSR 1


BASIC RULES :
 I/YOU/THEY/WE (PLURAL) + i AM /was    //ARE /were
                              HE/SHE/IT (SINGULAR) + is/was
SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT : (present tense only)
Plural + root verb (kata kerja akar) I/you/they/we kick the ball
Singular + verb+s       he/she/it kicks the ball

S-VERB AGREEMENT (apply to all)
e.g.
     She is busy stitching, sewing, hemming and hanging the Hari Raya’s curtains.( 3 )
     The helium balloons were kicked and punched by the brothers.( 7past passive   )                     
     The monkey eats and drinks in front of me during ramadhan, the fasting month
        that I do not dare to stare at her,  lest that I may break my fast soon.(  1 )
     My mom and I yelled deafeningly and took a break at Petronas coffee break grocery store after a long drive.(2 )
               ü  MY MOM AND I  not   ý I AND MY MOM
Lest = khuatirkan
a.SIMPLE SENTENCE : SUBJECT + VERB + OBJECT   OR
                                          SUBJECT + PREDICATE  
b.COMPOUND SENTENCE : SIMPLE SENTENCE + simple CONJUNCTION 
              Conjunction : but, so, and, or  
         Preposition : on, off, above, in front of, between, adjacent to, next to, ..
                                     Round ..……………………………………………………….
c. COMPLEX SENTENCE : COMPOUND + TR MARKERS/ INTER.. PRONOUNS             
 Transition markers : however, Hence,    In addition to that, Despite,
                                      In spite of, Nevertheless, Lest that,  Ironically,
                                      ………………………………………………………………
                                      ………………………………………………………………
               Interrogative Pronouns: (dlm bentuk sentence bukan question form)
                            who – org yg
                   which-
yang (for animals and things only except people)
                    That – yang (for all- animals/things/people)
                   Whom-  dia yang (people)
                Whose -  (siapa) empunya     How – bagaimana      why - kenapa
                 Where- di mana                     when – bilakah/apabila
                                                                  (as – ketika)   
RECALL

SUBJECT
OBJECT
Reflexive pronoun
Possesive pronoun
P
L
U
R
A
L
I
You
They
We

Me
You
Them
us
Myself
Yourself/selves
Themselves
Ourselves

Mine
Yours
Theirs
Ours

S
I
N
G
U
L
AR
He
She
It
Recall:
It’s=It is
Its =û
He’s =he is
Him
Her
it
Himself
Herself
itself
His
Hers
Its


(S)Subject : the doer of the action (pembuat)
(O)Object : the receiver of the action(penerima)
V : verb (al -fe’el)              N : Noun  ( Al- ism)
For the first time, RONALDO  kicks    the ball   for The Real Madrid.
                                      (S)               (v)       (O)    
                                                                                       Phrase (frasa)
    Ronaldo kicks the ball
     He kicks the ball
      Ronaldo kicks it
Example:
Wrong  ýI like they.   --à correct ü I like them

Recall:
They were mumbling among themselves. (back to the person)
                                    Mereka membebel di kalangan mereka sendiri.
Their car is a Honda Accord.     Keretanya adalah Honda Accord
The Honda Accord is theirs.       Honda Accord itu kepunyaan mereka.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
WHO vs WHOM :  who – 1.when asking question about someone
                                               Who told you about those packs of lies?”
                                              2. is used for people who do the action. (subject)
   “This is detective Conan who has helped you a lot.”(all this while)- help( v)
                       Whom – 1.when asking a person formally
                                           “To whom should I submit my Robinson’s portfolio?”
                                        2.- is the Object form of who
              “These are whom have received help from the detective Conan.”   help (n)    
Identify a. or b. or c.
  1. He is a teacher who teaches Biology.
  2. He is whom I like most.
      3.
      4.
      5.
      6.
______________________________________________________________________                
smile………J  Two thumbs up  for you! C C Never surrender.!.O
Example:
1.Present Tense: I kick the ball
2.Past Tense : I kicked the ball
3.Present Continous/Progressive : I am kicking the ball
                                                      She/He/It  is kicking the ball
                                                        You/They/We are kicking the ball
4. Past Continous/Progressive : I was kicking the ball
                                                   She/He/It  was kicking the ball
                                                     You/They/We were kicking the ball
5. Modals :  should
                  Must  may might

6. Negative modals:
7. Active vs Passive Voice
Active                                                          Passive Voice________________________
  1. You shouldn’t punish your pupils. à Your pupils shouldn’t be punished .(  6    )
  2. I take Ali’s shoes.                          à Ali’s shoes are taken by me .(  1 )
  3. Koku kicked the balls                      à The balls were kicked by Koku. ( 2  )
  4. The monkey has taken my burger    à My burger has been taken by the monkey. ( 8   )
  5. Cicakman had sipped my drink àMy drink had been sipped by Cicakman.(9 )
  6. Lulu and Lala are hitting Cinderella.             à Cinderella is hitting by Lulu  
                                                                     and Lala.  ( 3   )
7.  Lulu and Lili were hitting Cinderella (4)  àCinderella was hitting by Lulu and Lili

Write NO. -the tenses of the sentences. (present/past/pres participle/past participle/negative modal/present continous or progressive/past progressive etc.)

  1. Present Participle/Perfect
Has/have + verb(3)
  1. Past Participle/Perfect
Had + verb(3)
**** very important to read a long list of this and read a lot !
(1)Present Tense
(2)Past T
(3)Participle
has/have/had
(4)Continous/Prog
Is/are/ was/were…
write
wrote
written
writing
sip
sipped
sipped
Sipping
smear
smeared
smeared
smearing

Example:
 The culprits smear the school building’s wall with  some placards.(  1  )
  Yesterday/Last time/Two minutes ago I saw the culprits smeared on the school building’s wall.( 2   )
The culprits have smeared  the wall several times in a month.( 8  )
The culprits are smearing on  the wall by using placard. (3  )
Past Tense vs Present Participle
Present Participle :  unspecified time – since, for, several times/a couple of times/a few times/ many times/ - UNFINISHED JOB
Past Tense : specified time – in 2001, in 2000 and 2001, between 1999 and 2000, last.., ..ago, yesterday, two days ago,..- FINISHED JOB

Drills: Identify either to use Pparticiple or Past Tense
  1. I (have worked/worked) since 1999.
  2. She (has kicked/kicked) my belly and it was painful.
  3. We (have submitted /submitted) our assignment yesterday.
  4. Hundred years ago, dinasours (has resided/had resided/resided) our earth.
  5. My uncle (has visited/has visit/had visited/visited/is visiting/was visiting)
us many times.
  1. My uncle (has visited/visits/ had visited/visited) us many times before this.
  2. Now she (reads/read/ is reading/was reading/has read) the Reader’s Digest.
  3. I saw she (reads/was reading/ had read) the ‘Laman Impiana’ Magazine.

  1. Gerund
Menukarkan Verb kepada Noun. Bilangannya SATU (singular)
e.g.
Walk – verb- kata kerja
Walking – noun   ß--------------------Gerund
Is walking – verb (pre continous)

I like to walk in the park.
Walking is a good habit.
            Browsing the internet is a very fun way to the kids.
            Taking a balanced diet in your meal is a must.

          Cloud seeding by ______(1) out a dried iodided into the clouds in the sky
      ______(2) a temporary effect to the area only.


  1. a. flush b. flushes c. flushing  d. flushed
  2. a. produce  b. produces c. produced d. has produced


TEST YOUR GRAMMAR/ VOCABS/PROVERBS/IDIOMS/,
 Do you have SMART GUESSES?! – READ A LOT OF SAMPLE ESSAYS.
WRITE SOME PROVERS AND PHRASES SO YOU’LL REMEMBER BETTER

TIPS FOR ExPRESSIBLE  ESSAYS
though  midnight oils are burning to dry
hoped to fill  with whimsical ideas.
Remember the limitation is only your imagination. 
Create and write wonderful stories of adventure/experience in your essays.
Remember the format

Be TRUE to REVEAL the REAL  you
 GET REAL on THE REEL  
And FEEL GOOD
Chill up and cheer up
SWALLOW TH E SORROW
For GOOD M OO D
And  ignite!! Rekindle Dudes.
READY TO GO
Mahmudah!    
Mudah!


By : Virtuoso anynomous maestro bonetto (copyright isadora4004@gmail.com© 29/9/2009 3:55:29 AM) 


*** tips for cloze passage and other grammar rules: I have given you. Please check your own file.